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A.¬†Zsom, C.¬†W. Ormel, C.¬†G√ľttler, J.¬†Blum, and C.¬†P. Dullemond. The outcome of protoplanetary dust growth: pebbles, boulders, or planetesimals?: i. mapping the zoo of laboratory collision experiments. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 4 2010. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200912976.


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Kil Byoung Chai. Dynamics of nonspherical, fractal-like water-ice particles in a plasma environment. Scientific Reports, 12 2018. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-33854-5.


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J. D. Perry, E. Gostomski, L. S. Matthews, and T. W. Hyde. The influence of monomer shape on aggregate morphologies. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2012. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201117940.


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C.¬†M. Sorace, M.¬†Y. Louge, M.¬†D. Crozier, and V.¬†H.C. Law. High apparent adhesion energy in the breakdown of normal restitution for binary impacts of small spheres at low speed. Mechanics Research Communications, 36:364‚Äď368, 4 2009. doi:10.1016/j.mechrescom.2008.10.009.


Torsten Poppe, Ju¬†¬é¬†Rgen Blum1, and Thomas Henning. Analogous experiments on the stickiness of micron-sized preplanetary dust. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 533:454‚Äď471, 2000.


Torsten Poppe, Ju¬†¬é¬†Rgen Blum, and Thomas Henning. Experiments on collisional grain charging of micron-sized preplanetary dust. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 533:472‚Äď480, 2000.


Yukihiko Hasegawa, Takeru K. Suzuki, Hidekazu Tanaka, Hiroshi Kobayashi, and Koji Wada. Collisional growth and fragmentation of dust aggregates. ii. mass distribution of icy fragments. The Astrophysical Journal, 944:38, 2 2023. URL:, doi:10.3847/1538-4357/acadda.


J√ľrgen Blum and Gerhard Wurm. The growth mechanisms of macroscopic bodies in protoplanetary disks. Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 46:21‚Äď56, 2008. doi:10.1146/annurev.astro.46.060407.145152.


missing journal in Heisselmann2007


Maya Krause and J√ľrgen Blum. Growth and form of planetary seedlings: results from a sounding rocket microgravity aggregation experiment. Physical Review Letters, 7 2004. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.021103.


J√ľrgen Blum, Eike Beitz, Mohtashim Bukhari, Bastian Gundlach, Jan¬†Hendrik Hagemann, Daniel Hei√üelmann, Stefan Kothe, Rainer Schr√§pler, Ingo von Borstel, and Ren√© Weidling. Laboratory drop towers for the experimental simulation of dust-aggregate collisions in the early solar system. Journal of Visualized Experiments, 6 2014. doi:10.3791/51541.


J. Deckers and J. Teiser. Macroscopic dust in protoplanetary disks - from growth to destruction. Astrophysical Journal, 12 2014. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/796/2/99.


C.¬†W. Ormel, M.¬†Spaans, and A.¬†G.G.M. Tielens. Dust coagulation in protoplanetary disks: porosity matters. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 461:215‚Äď232, 1 2007. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20065949.


Philipp Reissaus, Tomas Waldemarsson, J√ľrgen Blum, Dominik Cl√©ment, Isabel Llamas, Harald Mutschke, and Frank Giovane. Sticking efficiency of nanoparticles in high-velocity collisions with various target materials. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 8:693‚Äď703, 10 2006. doi:10.1007/s11051-006-9102-9.


J√ľrgen Blum. Dust agglomeration. Advances in Physics, 55:881‚Äď947, 11 2006. doi:10.1080/00018730601095039.


missing journal in Wada2007


missing journal in Wada2008


Rainer Schr√§pler, J√ľrgen Blum, Alexander Seizinger, and Wilhelm Kley. The physics of protoplanetesimal dust agglomerates. vii. the low-velocity collision behavior of large dust agglomerates. Astrophysical Journal, 10 2012. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/758/1/35.


Rainer Schr√§pler and J√ľrgen Blum. The physics of protoplanetesimal dust agglomerates. vi. erosion of large aggregates as a source of micrometer-sized particles. Astrophysical Journal, 6 2011. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/734/2/108.


A. Seizinger, R. Speith, and W. Kley. Compression behavior of porous dust agglomerates. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2012. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201218855.


R.¬†Weidling, C.¬†G√ľttler, and J.¬†Blum. Free collisions in a microgravity many-particle experiment. i. dust aggregate sticking at low velocities. Icarus, 218:688‚Äď700, 3 2012. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2011.10.002.


E.¬†Beitz, C.¬†G√ľttler, J.¬†Blum, T.¬†Meisner, J.¬†Teiser, and G.¬†Wurm. Low-velocity collisions of centimeter-sized dust aggregates. Astrophysical Journal, 7 2011. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/736/1/34.


Stefan Kothe, Carsten G√ľttler, and J√ľrgen Blum. The physics of protoplanetesimal dust agglomerates. v. multiple impacts of dusty agglomerates at velocities above the fragmentation threshold. Astrophysical Journal, 725:1242‚Äď1251, 12 2010. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/725/1/1242.


Jurgen Blum and Michael Munch. Blumexperimental investigations on aggregate-aggregate collisions in the early solar nebula. Icarus, 106:151‚Äď167, 1993.


Jens Teiser and Gerhard Wurm. High-velocity dust collisions: forming planetesimals in a fragmentation cascade with final accretion. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 393:1584‚Äď1594, 2009. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.14289.x.


J.¬†Teiser and G.¬†Wurm. Decimetre dust aggregates in protoplanetary discs. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 505:351‚Äď359, 10 2009. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200912027.


Ren√© Weidling, Carsten G√ľttler, J√ľrgen Blum, and Frithjof Brauer. The physics of protoplanetesimal dust agglomerates. iii. compaction in multiple collisions. Astrophysical Journal, 696:2036‚Äď2043, 5 2009. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/696/2/2036.


E.¬†Beitz, C.¬†G√ľttler, R.¬†Weidling, and J.¬†Blum. Free collisions in a microgravity many-particle experiment - ii: the collision dynamics of dust-coated chondrules. Icarus, 218:701‚Äď706, 3 2012. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2011.11.036.


missing journal in Deckers2016


Yuri Shimaki and Masahiko Arakawa. Experimental study on collisional disruption of highly porous icy bodies. Icarus, 218:737‚Äď750, 4 2012. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2012.01.021.


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